Kumar, Arun and Mir, Bilal A. and Sehgal, Deepmala and Dar, Tanvir H. and Koul, Sushma and Kaul, Maharaj K. and Raina, Soom N. and Qazi, Ghulam N. (2011) Utility of a multidisciplinary approach for genome diagnostics of cultivated and wild germplasm resources of medicinal Withania somnifera, and the status of new species, W. ashwagandha, in the cultivated taxon. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 291 (3-4). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0378-2697

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Realizing the inconsistencies that exist in the extent and nature of differentiation in the Withania somnifera genetic resources in India, the 21 cultivated and wild accessions, and the two hybrids (cultivated 9 wild accessions and vice versa) were investigated for morphological,cytogenetical, chemical profiling, and crossability features.Their nuclear and chloroplast genomes were also assayed at the nucleotide sequence level, and by use of DNA markers. Chloroplast DNA diversity and somatic chromosome number (2n = 48) were not helpful in identifying the differences. Other approaches, on the other hand, especially restriction endonuclease digests, types and sequence length composition of ITS 1 and ITS 2 of nuclear ribosomal DNA, AFLP fingerprinting, and crossability barriers unambiguously provided startling discrete differences between the cultivated and wild accessions, indicating a clear division of W. somnifera into two distinct lineages.These data, therefore, are indicative of the fact that because of the unique characteristics of its nuclear genome, and strong crossability barriers vis-a`-vis wild accessions of W. somnifera, the cultivated accessions should be relegated to the rank of the separate species, W. ashwagandha.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Amit Nargotra
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2012 05:31
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2012 05:31
URI: http://iiim.csircentral.net/id/eprint/367

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