Khajuria, Anamika and Gupta, Amit and Singh, Surjeet and Malik, Fayaz and Singh, Jaswant and Suri, K.A. and Satti, N.K. and Qazi, G.N. and Srinivas, V.K. and Gopinathan, K and Ella, Krishna (2007) RLJ-NE-299A: A new plant based vaccine adjuvant. Vaccine, 25 (14). pp. 2706-2715. ISSN 0264410X

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Alum has been in use since long as an adjuvant for vaccines. However, its use as a vaccine adjuvant offers limitation in supporting cell mediated response. Therefore, a new plant based product RLJ-NE-299A from Picrorhiza kurroa reported for its immunostimulatory activity, has been explored for its potential as an alternative adjuvant. In order to compare the adjuvant activity with alum, antigen-specific immune responses were evaluated following immunization with a formulation containing hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) adjuvanted with RLJNE- 299A and alum in mice. The adjuvant RLJ-NE-299A up-regulated remarkably the expression of Th1 cytokines IL-2, IL-12, IFN-�,TNF � and Th2 cytokine IL-4 in lymph node cell cultures after 2 weeks of primary immunization with HBsAg. Further, the levels of both immunoglobulins IgG2a (Th1) and IgG1 (Th2) subtypes increased profoundly in blood sera of mice immunized with HBsAg/RLJ-NE-299A. The results indicated that RLJ-NE-299A has strong potential to increase both cell mediated and humoral immune responses and is capable of sustaining the total antigen-specific antibody response. Besides, the RLJ-NE-299A provides a signal to gear up both CD4 helper cells (Th1 and Th2) and CD8 cells populations, which may have important implications for vaccination against hepatitis B virus. Variable doses of RLJ-NE-299A (0.312 1340 �g) containing vaccine antigen (HBsAg) were well tolerated with optimum T cell response at 2.5 �g/ml. Not only this, the adjuvant was also able to induce cellular immune responses to HBsAg as evidenced by Th1 and Th2 cytokines upregulation, which enabled mice to overcome the unresponsiveness to antigen HBsAg encountered with alum-adjuvanted vaccine in otherwise non-responding mice population. The study presents evidence that the HPLC standardized fraction RLJ-NE-299A, is an adjuvant of choice over alum in improving and maintaining the improved immune status against HBsAg, and may also prove useful adjuvant candidate with other vaccine antigens, too.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Pharmacological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Amit Nargotra
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2011 12:09
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2011 12:09

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