Verma, Monika and Singh, Shashank K. and Bhushan, Shashi and Sharma, V.K. and Datt, Prabhu and Kapahi, B.K. and Saxena, A.K. (2008) In vitro cytotoxic potential of Polyalthia longifolia on human cancer cell lines and induction of apoptosis through mitochondrial-dependent pathway in HL-60 cells. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 171 (1). pp. 45-56. ISSN 00092797

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Polyalthia longifolia is a lofty evergreen tree found in India and Sri Lanka. We are reporting first time the anticancer potential of P. longifolia leaves extract (A001) and its chloroform fraction (F002). Both inhibited cell proliferation of various human cancer cell lines in which colon cancer cells SW-620 showed maximum inhibition with IC50 value 6.1 �g/ml. Furthermore, F002 induce apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells as measured by several biological end points. F002 induce apoptotic bodies formation,DNA ladder, enhanced annexin-V-FITC binding of the cells, increased sub-G0 DNA fraction, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (�Ψmt), release of cytochrome c, activation of caspase-9, caspase-3, and cleavage of poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP)in HL-60 cells. All the above parameters revealed that F002-induced apoptosis through the mitochondrial-dependent pathway in HL-60 cells.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biological Sciences
Pharmacological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Amit Nargotra
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2011 09:42
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:42

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